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Bell Palsy (CUI C0376175) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0376175

NCI Thesaurus Code: C26769  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: Partial or complete paralysis of the facial muscles of one side of a person's face. It is caused by damage to the seventh cranial nerve. It is usually temporary but it may recur.

GARD Definition: Bell's palsy is a nonprogressive neurological disorder of one of the facial nerves. This disorder is characterized by the sudden onset of facial paralysis that may be preceded by a slight fever, pain behind the ear on the affected side, a stiff neck, and weakness and/or stiffness on one side of the face. Paralysis results from decreased blood supply (ischemia) and/or compression of the 7th cranial nerve. The exact cause of Bell's palsy is not known. Viral (e.g., herpes zoster virus) and immune disorders are frequently implicated as a cause for this disorder. There may also be an inherited tendency toward developing Bell's palsy. While there is no cure or standard course of treatment for Bell's palsy, eliminating the source of the nerve damage typically results in a good prognosis. - this information is from GARD/ORDR/NCATS.

HPO Definition: Facial nerve palsy is a dysfunction of cranial nerve VII (the facial nerve) that results in inability to control facial muscles on the affected side with weakness of the muscles of facial expression and eye closure. This can either be present in unilateral or bilateral form. [HPO:sdoelken]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Bell's palsy is the most common cause of facial paralysis. It usually affects just one side of the face. Symptoms appear suddenly and are at their worst about 48 hours after they start. They can range from mild to severe and include

  • Twitching
  • Weakness
  • Paralysis
  • Drooping eyelid or corner of mouth
  • Drooling
  • Dry eye or mouth
  • Excessive tearing in the eye
  • Impaired ability to taste

Scientists think that a viral infection makes the facial nerve swell or become inflamed. You are most likely to get Bell's palsy if you are pregnant, diabetic or sick with a cold or flu.

Three out of four patients improve without treatment. With or without treatment, most people begin to get better within 2 weeks and recover completely within 3 to 6 months.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

NICHD Definition: A condition characterized by reduced or absent movement of the ipsilateral face as a consequence of an injury to the seventh cranial nerve.

MSH Definition: A syndrome characterized by the acute onset of unilateral FACIAL PARALYSIS which progresses over a 2-5 day period. Weakness of the orbicularis oculi muscle and resulting incomplete eye closure may be associated with corneal injury. Pain behind the ear often precedes the onset of paralysis. This condition may be associated with HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN infection of the facial nerve. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1376)

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Acute Idiopathic Facial Neuropathy
ACUTE INFLAMM FACIAL NEUROPATHY
Acute Inflammatory Facial Neuropathy
Antoni's palsy
Bell Palsies
Bell Palsy [Disease/Finding]
Bell palsy
Bell's Palsies
Bell's palsy (disorder)
Bell's Palsy
BELL'S PARALYSIS
Bells Palsy
Cranial nerve VII palsy
Facial nerve palsy (cranial nerve VII)
Facial nerve palsy
Facial Nerve Paralysis
FACIAL NEUROPATHY INFLAMM ACUTE
Facial Neuropathy, Idiopathic Acute
Facial Neuropathy, Inflammatory, Acute
Facial palsy, unilateral or bilateral
Facial palsy
Facial Paralyses, Idiopathic
Facial Paralysis, Idiopathic
Facial paralysis/Bells palsy
Idiopathic acute facial nerve palsy
Idiopathic Acute Facial Neuropathy
Idiopathic facial palsy
Idiopathic Facial Paralyses
IDIOPATHIC FACIAL PARALYSIS
INFLAMM FACIAL NEUROPATHY ACUTE
Inflammatory Facial Neuropathy, Acute
Nerve Paralysis, Facial
Palsies, Bell's
Palsies, Bell
PALSY BELLS
Palsy, Bell's
Palsy, Bell
Paralyses, Idiopathic Facial
Paralysis Of Facial Nerve
Paralysis, Idiopathic Facial
Seventh cranial nerve palsy
VII th cranial nerve palsy

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C26769 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000017005 SNOMEDCT_US
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source FDA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID F310. SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 02/29/2000 MEDLINEPLUS
DATE_CREATED 2009-12-06T05:08:30Z HPO
DATE_CREATED 2013-01-09T00:04:00 GARD
DATE_LAST_MODIFIED 2013-01-09T00:04:00 GARD
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 2042-6565 CSP
DISEASE_IDENTIFIER_ID 17518 GARD
DISEASE_IDENTIFIER_ID 17519 GARD
DISEASE_IDENTIFIER_ID 17522 GARD
DX 20000101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
FDA_Table Patient Code (Appendix B) NCI
HAS_GARD_PAGE true GARD
HN 2000; for BELL'S PALSY use Facial Paralysis 1966-1999 MSH
HPO_COMMENT Several conditions can cause a facial paralysis, e.g. brain tumor, stroke, and Lyme disease. However, if no specific cause can be identified, the condition is known as Bell's palsy. Named after Scottish anatomist Charles Bell, who first described it. Bell's palsy is the most common acute mononeuropathy (disease involving only one nerve) and is the most common cause of acute facial nerve paralysis. HPO
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
ICE Facial palsy ICD9CM
IDENTIFIER_TYPE_ID 1 GARD
INCLUSION_TERM Facial palsy ICD10
IPX +G53.R ICPC
IPX -G51 ICPC
IS_ACTIVE true GARD
IS_RARE true GARD
IS_SPANISH false GARD
LAST_REVIEW_DATE 2009-11-16T00:00:00 GARD
MDA 19991103 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION A syndrome characterized by the acute onset of unilateral FACIAL PARALYSIS which progresses over a 2-5 day period. Weakness of the orbicularis oculi muscle and resulting incomplete eye closure may be associated with corneal injury. Pain behind the ear often precedes the onset of paralysis. This condition may be associated with HERPESVIRUS 1, HUMAN infection of the facial nerve. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1376) NDFRT
MESH_DUI D020330 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Bell Palsy NDFRT
MESH_UI M0008127 NDFRT
MMR 20150622 MSH
MN C02.256.466.087 MSH
MN C07.465.094 MSH
MN C07.465.299.250 MSH
MN C10.292.319.250 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bellspalsy.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/bellspalsy.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Facial Nerve Palsy NCI
NUI N0000004113 NDFRT
ORDER_NO 06199 ICD10CM
PM 2000; for BELL'S PALSY see Facial Paralysis 1966-1999 MSH
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RARE_DISEASE_URL http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/gard/5906/bells-palsy/resources/1 GARD
RXAUI 3105994 RXNORM
RXAUI 3105998 RXNORM
RXAUI 3116827 RXNORM
RXAUI 3116828 RXNORM
RXAUI 3116830 RXNORM
RXAUI 3159357 RXNORM
RXAUI 3159358 RXNORM
RXAUI 3159379 RXNORM
RXAUI 3178184 RXNORM
RXAUI 3181055 RXNORM
RXCUI 1023648 RXNORM
SID HP:0000296 HPO
SID HP:0000302 HPO
SID HP:0000344 HPO
SID HP:0000353 HPO
SID HP:0002008 HPO
SID HP:0002259 HPO
SID HP:0002517 HPO
SID HP:0004670 HPO
SID HP:0007212 HPO
SID HP:0200004 HPO
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 10.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 13.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 19.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 21.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 10.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 13.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 19.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 21.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 193093009 NDFRT
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS G51.0 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~G51.0 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS G51.0 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF AGE AT ONSET OF CLINICAL FINDING BEFORE 29.0 DAYS CHOOSE P11.3 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447639009 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 445518008 | Age at onset of clinical finding (observable entity) | < 29.0 days SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~OTHERWISE TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~G51.0 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~P11.3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~F310. SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T358683 MSH
TERMUI T358684 MSH
TERMUI T370305 MSH
TERMUI T370306 MSH
TERMUI T370307 MSH
TERMUI T370308 MSH
TERMUI T370309 MSH
TERMUI T370310 MSH
TERMUI T370311 MSH
TH NLM (2000) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0376175

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