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Gestational Diabetes (CUI C0085207) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0085207

NCI Thesaurus Code: C34942  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: Carbohydrate intolerance first diagnosed during pregnancy.

HPO Definition: Maternal diabetes can either be a gestational, mostly type 2 diabetes, or a type 1 diabetes. Essential is the resulting maternal hyperglycemia as a non-specific teratogen, imposing the same risk of congenital malformations to pregnant women with both type 1 and type2 diabetes. [HPO:curators]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. When you are pregnant, high blood sugar levels are not good for your baby.

About seven out of every 100 pregnant women in the United States get gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that happens for the first time when a woman is pregnant. Most of the time, it goes away after you have your baby. But it does increase your risk for developing type 2 diabetes later on. Your child is also at risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Most women get a test to check for diabetes during their second trimester of pregnancy. Women at higher risk may get a test earlier.

If you already have diabetes, the best time to control your blood sugar is before you get pregnant. High blood sugar levels can be harmful to your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy - even before you know you are pregnant. To keep you and your baby healthy, it is important to keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible before and during pregnancy.

Either type of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances of problems for you and your baby. To help lower the chances talk to your health care team about

  • A meal plan for your pregnancy
  • A safe exercise plan
  • How often to test your blood sugar
  • Taking your medicine as prescribed. Your medicine plan may need to change during pregnancy.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

NICHD Definition: Carbohydrate intolerance first diagnosed during pregnancy.

CSP Definition: glucose intolerance which onsets during pregnancy; does not include diabetics who become pregnant or women who become lactosuric; after pregnancy, the woman is reclassified as diabetic or not depending on whether glucose intolerance persists.

MSH Definition: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
-- Gestational Diabetes
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Diabetes in pregnancy
DIABETES MELLITUS (GESTATIONAL)
Diabetes mellitus arising in pregnancy
Diabetes mellitus gestational
Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, unspecified
Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy
Diabetes mellitus, antepartum
Diabetes Mellitus, Gestational
DIABETES MELLITUS, IN PREGNANCY
DIABETES PREGN IND
Diabetes, Gestational [Disease/Finding]
Diabetes, Gestational
Diabetes, Pregnancy Induced
Diabetes, Pregnancy-Induced
GDM - Gestational diabetes mellitus
GDM
Gestational diabetes mellitus (disorder)
Gestational diabetes mellitus NOS
gestational diabetes mellitus
gestational diabetes
MATERNAL DIABETES
Maternal gestational diabetes mellitus
Pregnancy-Induced Diabetes

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C34942 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN refers to DIABETES MELLITUS, not DIABETES INSIPIDUS; do not confuse with PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS where a diabetic becomes pregnant MSH
AQL BL CF CI CL DG DH DI DT EC EH EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000017005 SNOMEDCT_US
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID L1808 SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 01/03/2001 MEDLINEPLUS
DATE_CREATED 2009-02-12T05:44:58Z HPO
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0862-6650 CSP
DX 19920101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXTERNALLY_DEFINED N LNC
FX D011254 MSH
HN 92 MSH
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
INCLUSION_TERM Gestational diabetes mellitus NOS ICD10
INCLUSION_TERM in childbirth and the puerperium ICD10
MDA 19910125 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D016640 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Diabetes, Gestational NDFRT
MESH_UI M0025360 NDFRT
MMR 20120703 MSH
MN C13.703.170 MSH
MN C18.452.394.750.448 MSH
MN C19.246.200 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetesandpregnancy.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Arabic https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Arabic MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Bosnian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Bosnian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Simplified https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Chinese - Simplified MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL French https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#French MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Japanese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Japanese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Korean https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Korean MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Marshallese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Marshallese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Portuguese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Portuguese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Russian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Russian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/diabetesandpregnancy.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Ukrainian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Ukrainian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Vietnamese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/diabetesandpregnancy.html#Vietnamese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Child Health and Human Development http://www.nichd.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Gestational Diabetes Mellitus NCI
NUI N0000003450 NDFRT
ORDER_NO 24431 ICD10CM
PM 92 MSH
PRIMARY_PATH 10018209$10052745$10026908$10036585$Gestational diabetes$Pregnancy complicated by maternal disorders$Maternal complications of pregnancy$Pregnancy, puerperium and perinatal conditions MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10036585 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RXAUI 3146302 RXNORM
RXAUI 3146334 RXNORM
RXAUI 3146335 RXNORM
RXAUI 3146338 RXNORM
RXAUI 3165331 RXNORM
RXCUI 1022333 RXNORM
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 14.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 9.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 4 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 14.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 9.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 2 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 11687002 NDFRT
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS O24.4 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~O24.4 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS O24.419 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS IN CHILDBIRTH CHOOSE O24.429 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS, CLASS A>1< CHOOSE O24.410 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS, CLASS A>2< CHOOSE O24.414 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF POSTPARTUM GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS CHOOSE O24.439 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447639009 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~4 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~5 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 10753491000119101 | Gestational diabetes mellitus in childbirth | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 40791000119105 | Postpartum gestational diabetes mellitus | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 46894009 | Gestational diabetes mellitus, class A>2< | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 75022004 | Gestational diabetes mellitus, class A>1< | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~OTHERWISE TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~O24.410 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~O24.414 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~O24.419 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~O24.429 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~O24.439 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~L1808 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T049823 MSH
TERMUI T049824 MSH
TERMUI T049825 MSH
TERMUI T049826 MSH
TH NLM (1992) MSH
TH OMIM (2013) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0085207

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