skip navigation links
National Cancer Institute
Enterprise Vocabulary Services
Box
NCIm Version: 201706 (Browser Version 2.9, using LexEVS 6.5.1)
SearchBox Top
SearchBox Bottom
Tetanus (CUI C0039614) Suggest changes to this concept
Add to Cart

Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0039614

NCI Thesaurus Code: C85185  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: A serious infectious disorder that follows wound contamination by the Gram-positive bacterium Clostridium tetani. The bacteria produce a neurotoxin called tetanospasmin, which causes muscle spasm in the jaw and other anatomic sites.

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Tetanus is a serious illness caused by Clostridium bacteria. The bacteria live in soil, saliva, dust, and manure. The bacteria can enter the body through a deep cut, like those you might get from stepping on a nail, or through a burn.

The infection causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It can lead to "locking" of the jaw. This makes it impossible to open your mouth or swallow. Tetanus is a medical emergency. You need to get treatment in a hospital.

A vaccine can prevent tetanus. It is given as a part of routine childhood immunization. Adults should get a tetanus shot, or booster, every 10 years. If you get a bad cut or burn, see your doctor - you may need a booster. Immediate and proper wound care can prevent tetanus infection.

NICHD Definition: A disorder that is caused by Clostridium tetani toxin, which is usually acquired from wound contamination. The neurotoxin causes muscle spasm in the jaw and other anatomic sites.

CSP Definition: disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by Clostridium tetani; tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration; generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia; localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound.

MSH Definition: A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
clostridial tetanus
Infection caused by Clostridium tetani (disorder)
Infection caused by Clostridium tetani
Infection due to Clostridium tetani
Tetanus (disorder)
Tetanus [Disease/Finding]
Tetanus NOS
tetanus

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C85185 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN caused by Clostridium tetani; do not confuse with TETANY; do not use for tonic spasm of muscle ( = SPASM) or for tetanic contraction ( = MUSCLE CONTRACTION) MSH
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH TM UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000020002 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID A37.. SNOMEDCT_US
CTV3ID XSCFy SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 08/26/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000073002 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0368-2622 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20130131 SNOMEDCT_US
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20160131 SNOMEDCT_US
FX D014313 MSH
HAS_GARD_PAGE true GARD
IPX -A33 ICPC
IPX -A34 ICPC
IPX -A35 ICPC
IS_RARE true GARD
IS_SPANISH false GARD
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D013742 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Tetanus NDFRT
MESH_UI M0021200 NDFRT
MMR 20090706 MSH
MN C01.252.410.222.864 MSH
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tetanus.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Farsi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Farsi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Hmong https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Hmong MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Portuguese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Portuguese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/tetanus.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Tagalog https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Tagalog MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Thai https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Thai MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Turkish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Turkish MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Vietnamese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/tetanus.html#Vietnamese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Tetanus NCI
NUI N0000002915 NDFRT
PRIMARY_PATH 10043376$10009653$10004018$10021881$Tetanus$Clostridia infections$Bacterial infectious disorders$Infections and infestations MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10021881 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RARE_DISEASE_URL http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/gard/5144/tetanus/resources/1 GARD
RXAUI 3247725 RXNORM
RXAUI 3247733 RXNORM
RXCUI 1022251 RXNORM
SNOMED_CID 276202003 NDFRT
SNOMED_CID 76902006 NDFRT
SNOMEDID DE-11A03 SNOMEDCT_US
SNOMEDID DE-14600 SNOMEDCT_US
SOS Do not confuse with *GL2.8 tetany*. AOD
SOS Excludes: tetanus: {complicating: {abortion (634-638 with .0, 639.0); ectopic or molar pregnancy (639.0)}; neonatorum (771.3); puerperal (670.8)} ICD9CM
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS A35 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS A48.8 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~A35 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~A48.8 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS A35 | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~A35 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~A37.. SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XSCFy SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~DE-11A03 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~DE-14600 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T040363 MSH
TH ORD (2010) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0039614

Mainbox Bottom