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Sweat (CUI C0038984) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0038984

NCI Thesaurus Code: C13280  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Body Substance

NCIt Definition: The liquid secreted by the sweat glands, having a salty taste and a pH that varies from 4.5 to 7.5. Sweat produced by the eccrine sweat glands is clear with a faint characteristic odor, and contains water, sodium chloride, and traces of albumin, urea, and other compounds. Its composition varies with many factors, e.g., fluid intake, external temperature and humidity, and some hormonal activity. Sweat produced by the larger, deeper, apocrine sweat glands of the axillae contains, in addition, organic material which on bacterial decomposition produces an offensive odor.

RADLEX Definition: The fluid excreted by the sweat glands. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products. [MeSH]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Sweat is a clear, salty liquid produced by glands in your skin. Sweating is how your body cools itself. You sweat mainly under your arms and on your feet and palms. When sweat mixes with bacteria on your skin, it can cause a smell. Bathing regularly and using antiperspirants or deodorants can help control the odor.

Sweating a lot is normal when it is hot or when you exercise, are anxious, or have a fever. It also happens during menopause. If you often sweat too much, it's called hyperhidrosis. Causes include thyroid or nervous system disorders, low blood sugar, or another health problem.

Sweating too little, anhidrosis, can be life-threatening because your body can overheat. Causes of anhidrosis include dehydration, burns, and some skin and nerve disorders.

CDISC Definition: The liquid secreted by the sweat glands. (NCI)

NICHD Definition: The secretion by the sweat glands that is primarily composed of water and salt.

CSP Definition: fluid excreted by the sweat glands; consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.

MSH Definition: The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.

UWDA Definition: Secretion produced by a sweat gland.

FMA Definition: Secretion produced by a sweat gland.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
perspiration
Portion of sweat
Schweiß
Specimen Type - Sweat
Sweat (substance)
Sweats
sweat

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C13280 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN TN 181: relation to SWEAT GLANDS & SWEATING MSH
ANSWER_CODE 19 LNC
AQL CH CY DE DG EN IM ME MI PH PS RE SE VI MSH
AUTHORITY Rosse MD FMA
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source CDISC NCI
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID X79cU SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 08/28/2000 MEDLINEPLUS
DATE_LAST_MODIFIED Dec 23 1996 2:05:47:213PM FMA
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 2717-4981 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXTERNALLY_DEFINED N LNC
HL7CS active HL7V3.0
HL7ID 10538 HL7V3.0
HL7PL true HL7V3.0
MDA 19990101 MSH
MMR 19991103 MSH
MN A12.200.849 MSH
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sweat.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/sweat.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases http://www.niams.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Sweat NCI
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X79cU SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T039850 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TRANSLATION German: SchweiƟ FMA
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US
UWT Body Substance UWDA

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0038984

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