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Sleep Apnea Syndromes (CUI C0037315) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0037315

NCI Thesaurus Code: C26884  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: Cessation of breathing for short periods during sleep. It is classified as obstructive, central, or mixed obstructive-central. It can occur at any age but it is more frequent in people over forty. Risk factors include male sex and obesity.

HPO Definition: An intermittent cessation of airflow at the mouth and nose during sleep. Apneas of at least 10 seconds are considered important, but persons with sleep apnea may have apneas of 20 seconds to up to 2 or 3 minutes. Patients may have up to 15 events per hour of sleep. [HPO:curators]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow. Breathing pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes. They may occur 30 times or more an hour.

The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea. It causes your airway to collapse or become blocked during sleep. Normal breathing starts again with a snort or choking sound. People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. However, not everyone who snores has sleep apnea.

You are more at risk for sleep apnea if you are overweight, male, or have a family history or small airways. Children with enlarged tonsils may also get it.

Doctors diagnose sleep apnea based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and sleep study results.

When your sleep is interrupted throughout the night, you can be drowsy during the day. People with sleep apnea are at higher risk for car crashes, work-related accidents, and other medical problems. If you have it, it is important to get treatment. Lifestyle changes, mouthpieces, surgery, and breathing devices can treat sleep apnea in many people.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

NICHD Definition: The cessation of breathing for periods of time during sleep.

CTCAE Definition: A disorder characterized by cessation of breathing for short periods during sleep.

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A sleep disorder that is marked by pauses in breathing of 10 seconds or more during sleep, and causes unrestful sleep. Symptoms include loud or abnormal snoring, daytime sleepiness, irritability, and depression.

CSP Definition: cessation of breathing for 10 seconds or more during sleep and consequent oxygen desaturation.

MSH Definition: Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Apnea Syndrome, Sleep
Apnea Syndromes, Sleep
Apnea syndrome
Apnea, Sleep
Apneas, Sleep
Apnoea syndrome
Breathing, Sleep-Disordered
Hypopnea, Sleep
Hypopneas, Sleep
SAS - Sleep apnea syndrome
SAS - Sleep apnoea syndrome
Sleep apnea (disorder)
Sleep apnea NOS
Sleep Apnea Syndromes [Disease/Finding]
Sleep apnea syndromes
sleep apnea syndrome
Sleep apnea, unspecified
Sleep Apneas
sleep apnea
Sleep apnoea syndromes
Sleep apnoea syndrome
Sleep apnoeas
Sleep apnoea
sleep disordered breathing
Sleep Hypopneas
Sleep Hypopnea
Sleep hypopnoea
Sleep-disordered Breathing
Unspecified sleep apnea

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C26884 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN DF: SLEEP APNEA MSH
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000017005 SNOMEDCT_US
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000020002 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
CODE_ALSO any associated underlying condition ICD10CM
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID X0083 SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 10/10/2002 MEDLINEPLUS
DATE_CREATED 2009-09-21T08:53:35Z HPO
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 2056-7094 CSP
DID 2596-8463 CSP
DID 4003-0054 CSP
DX 19800101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXCLUDES1 apnea NOS (R06.81) ICD10CM
EXCLUDES1 Cheyne-Stokes breathing (R06.3) ICD10CM
EXCLUDES1 pickwickian syndrome (E66.2) ICD10CM
EXCLUDES1 sleep apnea of newborn (P28.3) ICD10CM
HN 80 MSH
HN Introduced 2000. AOD
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
INCLUSION_TERM Sleep apnoea: central ICD10
INCLUSION_TERM Sleep apnoea: obstructive ICD10
MDA 19790525 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D012891 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Sleep Apnea Syndromes NDFRT
MESH_UI M0019963 NDFRT
MMR 20050630 MSH
MN C08.618.085.852 MSH
MN C10.886.425.800.750 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sleepapnea.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Arabic https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Arabic MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Simplified https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Chinese - Simplified MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL French https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#French MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Hindi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Hindi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Japanese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Japanese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Korean https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Korean MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Portuguese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Portuguese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Russian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Russian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/sleepapnea.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Ukrainian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Ukrainian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Vietnamese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/sleepapnea.html#Vietnamese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Sleep Apnea NCI
NUI N0000002772 NDFRT
ORDER_NO 06162 ICD10CM
ORDER_NO 06163 ICD10CM
PM 80 MSH
PRIMARY_PATH 10040979$10006334$10038716$10038738$Sleep apnoea syndrome$Breathing abnormalities$Respiratory disorders NEC$Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10038738 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RXAUI 3110898 RXNORM
RXAUI 3238677 RXNORM
RXAUI 3238678 RXNORM
RXAUI 3238732 RXNORM
RXAUI 3238768 RXNORM
RXCUI 1022903 RXNORM
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 10.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 4 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 10.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 73430006 NDFRT
SNOMEDID F-28A00 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS G47.3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~G47.3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS G47.30 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF AGE AT ONSET OF CLINICAL FINDING BEFORE 29.0 DAYS CHOOSE P28.3 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF MIXED SLEEP APNEA CHOOSE G47.39 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA OF ADULT CHOOSE G47.33 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA OF CHILD CHOOSE G47.33 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME AND IF AGE AT ONSET OF CLINICAL FINDING BEFORE 29.0 DAYS CHOOSE P28.3 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME CHOOSE G47.33 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF ORGANIC SLEEP APNEA CHOOSE G47.39 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF PRIMARY SLEEP APNEA OF NEWBORN CHOOSE P28.3 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447639009 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~4 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~5 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~6 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~7 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~8 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 1091000119108 | Obstructive sleep apnea of child (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 1101000119103 | Obstructive sleep apnea of adult (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 230493001 | Mixed sleep apnea (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 361208003 | Primary sleep apnea of newborn (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 442164004 | Organic sleep apnea (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 445518008 | Age at onset of clinical finding (observable entity) | < 29.0 days SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 78275009 | Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (disorder) | AND IFA 445518008 | Age at onset of clinical finding (observable entity) | < 29.0 days SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 78275009 | Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~OTHERWISE TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~G47.30 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~G47.33 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~G47.39 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~P28.3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X0083 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~F-28A00 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T037995 MSH
TERMUI T037996 MSH
TERMUI T367573 MSH
TERMUI T367574 MSH
TH NLM (1980) MSH
TH NLM (1997) MSH
TH NLM (2000) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0037315

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