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Refractive Errors (CUI C0034951) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0034951

NCI Thesaurus Code: C87145  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: A defect in the focusing of light on the retina as in astigmatism, myopia, or hyperopia.

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

The cornea and lens of your eye helps you focus. Refractive errors are vision problems that happen when the shape of the eye keeps you from focusing well. The cause could be the length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens.

Four common refractive errors are

  • Myopia, or nearsightedness - clear vision close up but blurry in the distance
  • Hyperopia, or farsightedness - clear vision in the distance but blurry close up
  • Presbyopia - inability to focus close up as a result of aging
  • Astigmatism - focus problems caused by the cornea

The most common symptom is blurred vision. Other symptoms may include double vision, haziness, glare or halos around bright lights, squinting, headaches, or eye strain.

Glasses or contact lenses can usually correct refractive errors. Laser eye surgery may also be a possibility.

NIH: National Eye Institute

CSP Definition: blurred vision caused by the eye focusing light either behind or in front of the retina.

MSH Definition: Deviations from the average or standard indices of refraction of the eye through its dioptric or refractive apparatus.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Disorder of refraction (disorder)
Disorder of refraction, unspecified
Disorder of refraction
DISORDER REFRACTION
Disorder, Refractive
Disorders, Refractive
ERROR REFRACTION
Error, Refractive
Errors, Refractive
eye refraction disorder
REFRACTION DISORDER OF
REFRACTION DISORDER
REFRACTION ERROR
Refractive Disorders
Refractive Disorder
REFRACTIVE DIS
Refractive Errors [Disease/Finding]
Refractive errors NOS
Refractive errors
Refractive Error
REFRACTIVE ERR
Unspecified disorder of refraction

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C87145 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN deviations from standard refraction of eye; DF: REFRACTIVE ERR MSH
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
CTV3ID X00fv SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 11/17/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 1116-1207 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EC surgery:Refractive Surgical Procedures MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
IPX H52 ICPC
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION Deviations from the average or standard indices of refraction of the eye through its dioptric or refractive apparatus. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D012030 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Refractive Errors NDFRT
MESH_UI M0018702 NDFRT
MMR 20070709 MSH
MN C11.744 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/refractiveerrors.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Simplified https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/refractiveerrors.html#Chinese - Simplified MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/refractiveerrors.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/refractiveerrors.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Eye Institute http://www.nei.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NUI N0000002587 NDFRT
ORDER_NO 09567 ICD10CM
PRIMARY_PATH 10038264$10038267$10047518$10015919$Refraction disorder$Refractive and accommodative disorders$Vision disorders$Eye disorders MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10015919 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RXAUI 3231302 RXNORM
RXAUI 3231304 RXNORM
RXAUI 3231305 RXNORM
RXCUI 1026256 RXNORM
SNOMED_CID 39021009 NDFRT
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS H52.7 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~H52.7 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS H52.7 | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~H52.7 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X00fv SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T035801 MSH
TERMUI T035802 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TH NLM (1994) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0034951

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