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Pneumonia (CUI C0032285) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0032285

NCI Thesaurus Code: C3333  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: An acute, acute and chronic, or chronic inflammation focally or diffusely affecting the lung parenchyma, due to infections (viruses, fungi, mycoplasma, or bacteria), treatment (e.g. radiation), or exposure (inhalation) to chemicals. Symptoms include cough, shortness of breath, fevers, chills, chest pain, headache, sweating, and weakness.

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both of the lungs. Many germs, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, can cause pneumonia. You can also get pneumonia by inhaling a liquid or chemical. People most at risk are older than 65 or younger than 2 years of age, or already have health problems.

Symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe. See your doctor promptly if you

  • Have a high fever
  • Have shaking chills
  • Have a cough with phlegm that doesn't improve or gets worse
  • Develop shortness of breath with normal daily activities
  • Have chest pain when you breathe or cough
  • Feel suddenly worse after a cold or the flu

Your doctor will use your medical history, a physical exam, and lab tests to diagnose pneumonia. Treatment depends on what kind you have. If bacteria are the cause, antibiotics should help. If you have viral pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to treat it.

Preventing pneumonia is always better than treating it. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and the flu. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently and not smoking.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

HPO Definition: Inflammation of any part of the lung parenchyma. [HPO:probinson]

NICHD Definition: A condition resulting from infection in one or both lungs.

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A severe inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli (tiny air sacs) are filled with fluid. This may cause a decrease in the amount of oxygen that blood can absorb from air breathed into the lung. Pneumonia is usually caused by infection but may also be caused by radiation therapy, allergy, or irritation of lung tissue by inhaled substances. It may involve part or all of the lungs.

CSP Definition: inflammation of the lungs with consolidation and exudation.

MSH Definition: Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.

RADLEX Definition: Inflammation of the lungs. [MeSH]Pathology. - Pneumonia is inflammation of the airspaces and/or interstitium (eg, due to infection, as in bacterial pneumonia). Infective pneumonia is characterized by exudate resulting in consolidation. The term is also used to refer to a number of noninfectious disorders of the lung parenchyma characterized by varying degrees of inflammation and fibrosis (eg, idiopathic interstitial pneumonias) (5). [Fleischner Society]

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Pneumonia (disorder)
Pneumonia [Disease/Finding]
Pneumonia NOS
Pneumonia, unspecified
Pneumonias
pneumonia
Pneumonie
Pulmonitis

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C3333 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN general or unspecified; prefer specifics; PNEUMONIA, INTERSTITIAL see LUNG DISEASES, INTERSTITIAL and IDIOPATHIC INTERSTITIAL PNEUMONIAS and its specifics are also available MSH
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
CITE Fleischner Society RADLEX
Contributing_Source FDA NCI
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID X100E SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 08/26/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000073002 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 2596-4683 CSP
DX 19630101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20150131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXTERNALLY_DEFINED N LNC
FDA_Table Patient Code (Appendix B) NCI
HN 1963; for LOBAR PNEUMONIA use PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCOCCAL 1995-2008 MSH
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
IPX -A48.1 ICPC
IPX -J10.0 ICPC
IPX -J11.0 ICPC
IPX -J12 ICPC
IPX -J13 ICPC
IPX -J14 ICPC
IPX -J15 ICPC
IPX -J16 ICPC
IPX -J17 ICPC
IPX -J18 ICPC
IPX -J22 ICPC
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D011014 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Pneumonia NDFRT
MESH_UI M0017064 NDFRT
MMR 20150626 MSH
MN C08.381.677 MSH
MN C08.730.610 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/pneumonia.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Arabic https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Arabic MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Armenian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Armenian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Bosnian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Bosnian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Simplified https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Chinese - Simplified MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Farsi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Farsi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL French https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#French MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Haitian Creole https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Haitian Creole MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Hindi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Hindi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Hmong https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Hmong MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Japanese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Japanese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Korean https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Korean MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Romanian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Romanian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Russian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Russian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Samoan https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Samoan MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/pneumonia.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Tagalog https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Tagalog MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Thai https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Thai MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Turkish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Turkish MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Ukrainian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Ukrainian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Vietnamese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/pneumonia.html#Vietnamese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Pneumonia NCI
NUI N0000002432 NDFRT
PM 1963; for LOBAR PNEUMONIA see PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCOCCAL 1995-2008 MSH
PRIMARY_PATH 10035664$10025101$10021879$10021881$Pneumonia$Lower respiratory tract and lung infections$Infections - pathogen unspecified$Infections and infestations MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10021881 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RXAUI 3221675 RXNORM
RXAUI 3221676 RXNORM
RXCUI 1022757 RXNORM
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 12.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 13.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 16.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 19.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 20.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 9.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT B MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT C MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 4 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 12.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 13.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 16.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 19.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 20.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 9.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 2 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 205237003 NDFRT
SNOMED_CID 233604007 NDFRT
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS J18.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~J18.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS J18.9 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~J18.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X100E SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T032393 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

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