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Pineal gland (CUI C0031939) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0031939

NCI Thesaurus Code: C12398  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component

NCIt Definition: A small endocrine gland in the brain, situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum, that secretes melatonin.

RADLEX Definition: Circumventricular organ of neuraxis which is shaped like a pine cone and attached on the midline near the posterior and habenular commissures of the epithalamus.

MSH Definition: A light-sensitive neuroendocrine organ attached to the roof of the THIRD VENTRICLE of the brain. The pineal gland secretes MELATONIN, other BIOGENIC AMINES and NEUROPEPTIDES.

CDISC Definition: A small endocrine gland that arises from the central posterior aspect of the diencephalon.

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A tiny organ in the cerebrum that produces melatonin.

CSP Definition: endocrine gland, located in the median plane, just posterior to the dorsal part of the dorsal thalamus and rostral to the superior colliculus; concerned with adjustment to circadian rhythms; light is thought to have an inhibitory effect on its secretory activity and darkness to be excitatory; impulses are relayed from the retina to the suprachiasmatic nucleus, then to the pineal body by way of the thoracic spinal cord; secretes melatonin, other biogenic amines, and neuropeptides.

FMA Definition: Circumventricular organ of neuraxis which is shaped like a pine cone and attached on the midline near the posterior and habenular commissures of the epithalamus.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Bodies, Pineal
Body, Pineal
Cerebri, Epiphysis
conarium
Corpus Pineales
corpus pineale
epiphysis cerebri
GLAND, PINEAL
Glands, Pineal
Glandula pinealis
Pineal Bodies
pineal body
Pineal Glands
pineal gland
pineal organ
Pineal structure (body structure)
Pineal structure
Pineale, Corpus
Pineales, Corpus
Pi

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C12398 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN neoplasms: coordinate PINEAL GLAND (IM) with BRAIN NEOPLASMS (IM) + histological type of neoplasm (IM); consider PINEALOMA MSH
AQL AB AH BS CH CY DE DG EM EN GD IM IN IR ME MI PA PH PP PS RE SE SU TR UL VI MSH
AUTHORITY Bloom & Fawcett 94:516 FMA
AUTHORITY NeuroNames 2000 FMA
AUTHORITY Rosse MD FMA
AUTHORITY Terminologia Anatomica 1998 FMA
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source CDISC NCI
CTV3ID Xa1He SNOMEDCT_US
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0478-3737 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
FMAID 62033 RADLEX
ICD-O-3_CODE C75.3 SNOMEDCT_US
LANGUAGE Latin FMA
MDA 19990101 MSH
MMR 20140620 MSH
MN A06.407.635 MSH
MN A06.688.733 MSH
MN A08.186.211.464.200.680 MSH
MN A08.186.211.730.317.200.620 MSH
MN A08.713.733 MSH
RADLEX_ID RID6576 FMA
SUBSET_MEMBER 446608001~MAPTARGET~C75.3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 734138000~TARGETCOMPONENT~181126002 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 734139008~TARGETCOMPONENT~372236006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~Xa1He SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TA_ID A11.2.00.001 FMA
TERM_LEVEL 4 ICDO
TERMUI T032055 MSH
TERMUI T032056 MSH
TERMUI T032057 MSH
TERMUI T857177 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TH NLM (1995) MSH
TH NLM (2015) MSH
TH UNK (19XX) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0031939

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