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Muscle Cramp (CUI C0026821) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0026821

NCI Thesaurus Code: C34827  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Sign or Symptom

NCIt Definition: A sustained, sudden and involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.

HPO Definition: Sudden and involuntary contractions of one or more muscles. [HPO:probinson]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Muscle cramps are sudden, involuntary contractions or spasms in one or more of your muscles. They often occur after exercise or at night, lasting a few seconds to several minutes. It is a very common muscle problem.

Muscle cramps can be caused by nerves that malfunction. Sometimes this malfunction is due to a health problem, such as a spinal cord injury or a pinched nerve in the neck or back. Other causes are

  • Straining or overusing a muscle
  • Dehydration
  • A lack of minerals in your diet or the depletion of minerals in your body
  • Not enough blood getting to your muscles

Cramps can be very painful. Stretching or gently massaging the muscle can relieve this pain.

NICHD Definition: Sudden and involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A sharp pain that occurs when a muscle suddenly contracts (tightens up). Cramps commonly occur in the abdomen and legs.

CSP Definition: sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers.

MSH Definition: A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398)

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Cramp (finding)
Cramp in muscle
CRAMP MUSCLE
Cramp(s)
Cramp, Muscle
Cramp, Muscular
Cramps, Muscle
Cramps, Muscular
Cramps
CRAMP
Muscle Cramp [Disease/Finding]
Muscle Cramping
MUSCLE CRAMPS
MUSCLE CRAMP
Muscle(s) Cramp(s)
Muscles cramps
Muscular Cramps
Muscular Cramp
Spasm

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C34827 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000020002 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source FDA NCI
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID X00CB SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 07/30/2002 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 1982-9552 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
FDA_Table Patient Code (Appendix B) NCI
FX D013035 MSH
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398) NDFRT
MESH_DUI D009120 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Muscle Cramp NDFRT
MESH_UI M0014234 NDFRT
MMR 20030725 MSH
MN C05.651.475 MSH
MN C10.597.613.500 MSH
MN C23.888.592.608.500 MSH
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/musclecramps.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/musclecramps.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases http://www.niams.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Muscle Cramping NCI
NUI N0000002057 NDFRT
RXAUI 3136019 RXNORM
RXAUI 3200250 RXNORM
RXAUI 3200251 RXNORM
RXAUI 3200347 RXNORM
RXCUI 1026631 RXNORM
SID HP:0009018 HPO
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 10.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 10.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 55300003 NDFRT
SNOMEDID F-11700 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS R25.2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~R25.2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS R25.2 | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~R25.2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X00CB SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~F-11700 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T027276 MSH
TERMUI T027277 MSH
TERMUI T371044 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TH NLM (2000) MSH
TH UNK (19XX) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0026821

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