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Magnesium (CUI C0024467) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0024467

NCI Thesaurus Code: C29239  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Element, Ion, or Isotope

NCIt Definition: An alkaline earth metal, Magnesium is important for many biochemical functions and reactions; for bone and muscle function, protein and fatty acid formation, activation of B vitamins, blood clotting, insulin secretion, and ATP formation. More than 300 enzymes require magnesium for catalytic action. The adult daily requirement is about 300 mg/day. Magnesium is found in many green plants, vegetables, and seeds; chlorophyll is a magnesium-centered porphyrin compound. Magnesium salts are used for magnesium deficiency supplementation. (NCI04)

RADLEX Definition: A light, silvery, metallic element. It has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. Its salts are essential in nutrition, being required for the activity of many enzymes, especially those concerned with oxidative phosphorylation. It is a component of both intra- and extracellular fluids and is excreted in the urine and feces. Deficiency causes irritability of the nervous system with tetany, vasodilation, convulsions, tremors, depression, and psychotic behavior. (From Dorland, 27th ed) [MeSH]

NCI-GLOSS Definition: In medicine, a mineral used by the body to help maintain muscles, nerves, and bones. It is also used in energy metabolism and protein synthesis.

CSP Definition: light, silvery metallic element, symbol Mg, atomic number 12; its salts are essential in nutrition, being required for the activity of many enzymes especially those concerned with oxidative phosphorylation.

MSH Definition: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.

NPO Definition: An element with atomic number 12.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
[TN460] MAGNESIUM
Magnesium (substance)
Magnesium [Chemical/Ingredient]
Magnesium Drug Class
magnesium
Mg - Magnesium
Mg element
Mg
Minerals - Magnesium

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C29239 (see NCI Thesaurus info)
CAS Registry Number 7439-95-4 (see NLM ChemIDplus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN Mg-24; Mg-25, 26 = MAGNESIUM (IM) + ISOTOPES (NIM); Mg-20, 21, 23, 27, 28 = MAGNESIUM (IM) + RADIOISOTOPES (IM) MSH
AQL AD AE AG AN BL CF CH CL CT EC HI IM IP ME PD PH PK PO RE SD ST TO TU UR MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000020002 SNOMEDCT_US
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHEBI_ID CHEBI:25107 NCI
CODE NPO_249 NPO
COMMENT Period3, Group=2, Z=12 RADLEX
CTV3ID X80D2 SNOMEDCT_US
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 1852-6512 CSP
DID 4007-0080 CSP
DRUG_CLASS_TYPE 2 VANDF
DX 19660101 MSH
EC deficiency:Magnesium Deficiency MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
FDA_UNII_CODE I38ZP9992A NDFRT
LEVEL Example Part D Eligible Drugs USPMG
LEVEL Ingredient NDFRT
LEVEL VA Class NDFRT
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D008274 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Magnesium NDFRT
MESH_UI M0012884 NDFRT
MMR 20130708 MSH
MN D01.268.552.437 MSH
MN D01.268.557.500 MSH
MN D01.552.547.500 MSH
NDFRT_KIND DRUG_KIND NDFRT
NDFRT_KIND INGREDIENT_KIND NDFRT
NUI N0000006335 NDFRT
NUI N0000029441 NDFRT
NUI N0000146038 NDFRT
PARENT_CLASS 320 VANDF
RDF_ID NPO_249 NPO
RN I38ZP9992A MSH
RR 7439-95-4 (Magnesium) MSH
RXAUI 2072139 RXNORM
RXAUI 213793 RXNORM
RXAUI 2628638 RXNORM
RXAUI 3191253 RXNORM
RXAUI 3191254 RXNORM
RXAUI 3191255 RXNORM
RXAUI 3196176 RXNORM
RXAUI 3196201 RXNORM
RXAUI 3257932 RXNORM
RXAUI 3279330 RXNORM
RXAUI 3722896 RXNORM
RXAUI 6396316 RXNORM
RXCUI 1551655 RXNORM
RXCUI 6574 RXNORM
RXN_ACTIVATED 01/28/2010 RXNORM
RXN_OBSOLETED 01/30/2008 RXNORM
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SPL_SET_ID fde5a20d-f5ac-4522-a51a-4cbdeb4d72a2 MTHSPL
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X80D2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T024677 MSH
TH FDA SRS (2014) MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US
VAC TN460 NDFRT
VAC TN460 VANDF
VANDF_RECORD 50.416^1298^Inactive NDFRT
VANDF_RECORD 50.416^255^Active/Master NDFRT
VANDF_RECORD 50.605^411^Active/Master NDFRT
VANDF_RECORD 50.6^2113^Active/Master NDFRT
VUID 4017660 NDFRT
VUID 4021888 NDFRT

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0024467

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