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Hypothalamic structure (CUI C0020663) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0020663

NCI Thesaurus Code: C12458  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component

NCIt Definition: An important supervisory center in the brain, rich in ganglia, nerve fibers, and synaptic connections. It is composed of several sections called nuclei, each of which controls a specific function. The hypothalamus regulates body temperature, blood pressure, heartbeat, metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, and sugar levels in the blood. Through direct attachment to the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus also meters secretions controlling water balance and milk production in the female. The role of the hypothalamus in awareness of pleasure and pain is well established in the laboratory. It is involved in the expression of emotions, such as fear and rage, and in sexual behaviors. Despite its numerous vital functions, the hypothalamus in humans accounts for only 1/300 of total brain weight, and is about the size of an almond. Structurally, it is joined to the thalamus; the two work together to monitor the sleep-wake cycle.

RADLEX Definition: Ventral part of the diencephalon extending from the region of the optic chiasm to the caudal border of the mammillary bodies and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the third ventricle. [MeSH]

MSH Definition: Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.

CDISC Definition: A small region of the brain composed of multiple nuclei and located underneath the thalamus.

NCI-GLOSS Definition: The area of the brain that controls body temperature, hunger, and thirst.

CSP Definition: ventral part of the diencephalon extending from the region of the optic chiasm to the caudal border of the mammillary bodies and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the third ventricle.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Area, Preoptico-Hypothalamic
Areas, Preoptico-Hypothalamic
BRAIN, HYPOTHALAMUS
HTh
Hypothalamic structure (body structure)
Hypothalamic structure
hypothalamus
Preoptico Hypothalamic Area
Preoptico-Hypothalamic Areas
Preoptico-hypothalamic area
Preoptico-hypothalamic region

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C12458 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN general or unspecified; prefer specific structures & areas in the hypothalamus; HYPOTHALAMO-HYPOPHYSEAL SYSTEM is available for the hypothalamus-pituitary relationship MSH
AQL AB AH BS CH CY DE DG EM EN GD IM IN ME MI PA PH PP PS RE SE SU TR UL VI MSH
AUTHORITY NeuroNames 2000 FMA
AUTHORITY Rosse MD FMA
AUTHORITY Terminologia Anatomica 1998 FMA
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source CDISC NCI
CTV3ID Xa110 SNOMEDCT_US
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0478-2089 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
FMAID 62008 RADLEX
ICD-O-3_CODE C71.0 SNOMEDCT_US
MDA 19990101 MSH
MMR 20140613 MSH
MN A08.186.211.464.497 MSH
MN A08.186.211.730.317.357 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
RADLEX_ID RID6639 FMA
SUBSET_MEMBER 446608001~MAPTARGET~C71.0 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 734138000~TARGETCOMPONENT~264483005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 734139008~TARGETCOMPONENT~119405001 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~Xa110 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TA_ID A14.1.08.401 FMA
TA_ID A14.1.08.901 FMA
TALAIRACH *.*.*.Gray Matter.Hypothalamus RADLEX
TALAIRACH_TERM 274: *.*.*.Gray Matter.Hypothalamus FMA
TERM_LEVEL Related ICDO
TERMUI T021056 MSH
TERMUI T856869 MSH
TH NLM (2015) MSH
TH POPLINE (1978) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0020663

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