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Hypertensive disease (CUI C0020538) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0020538

NCI Thesaurus Code: C3117  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: Blood pressure that is abnormally high.

PDQ Definition: Pathological increase in blood pressure; a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

HPO Definition: The presence of chronic increased pressure in the systemic arterial system. [HPO:probinson]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood into the arteries. Your blood pressure is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, your blood pressure falls. This is called diastolic pressure.

Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers. Usually the systolic number comes before or above the diastolic number. A reading of

  • 119/79 or lower is normal blood pressure
  • 140/90 or higher is high blood pressure
  • Between 120 and 139 for the top number, or between 80 and 89 for the bottom number is called prehypertension. Prehypertension means you may end up with high blood pressure, unless you take steps to prevent it.

High blood pressure usually has no symptoms, but it can cause serious problems such as stroke, heart failure, heart attack and kidney failure.

You can control high blood pressure through healthy lifestyle habits such as exercise and the DASH diet and taking medicines, if needed.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A blood pressure of 140/90 or higher. High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. It can harm the arteries and cause an increase in the risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, and blindness.

CTCAE Definition: A disorder characterized by a pathological increase in blood pressure; a repeatedly elevation in the blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mm Hg.

NICHD Definition: Abnormally high blood pressure.

CSP Definition: persistantly high arterial blood pressure.

MSH Definition: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Blood pressure high
Blood Pressure, High
Blood Pressure, Increased
Blood Pressures, High
BP - High blood pressure
BP+ - Hypertension
Complications affecting other specified body systems, not elsewhere classified, hypertension
HBP - High blood pressure
HBP
High blood pressure disorder
High Blood Pressures
high blood pressure
HT - Hypertension
HTN - Hypertension
HTN
HT
hyperpiesia
hyperpiesis
Hypertension [Disease/Finding]
Hypertension arterial
Hypertension NOS
hypertension
Hypertensive diseases
HYPERTENSIVE DISEASE
Hypertensive disorder, systemic arterial (disorder)
Hypertensive disorder, systemic arterial
hypertensive disorder
Hypertensive vascular degeneration
Hypertensive vascular disease
Increased Blood Pressure
Pressure, High Blood
Surg comp - hypertension
Systemic arterial hypertension
systemic hypertension
vascular hypertension
Vascular Hypertensive Disorder

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C3117 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN not for intracranial or intraocular pressure; relation to BLOOD PRESSURE: Manual 23.27; Goldblatt kidney is HYPERTENSION, GOLDBLATT see HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR; hypertension with kidney disease is probably HYPERTENSION, RENAL, not HYPERTENSION; venous hypertension: index under VENOUS PRESSURE (IM) & do not coordinate with HYPERTENSION; PREHYPERTENSION is also available MSH
ANSWER_CODE 23 LNC
ANSWER_CODE 3708015 LNC
ANSWER_CODE 3907017 LNC
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000017005 SNOMEDCT_US
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source CTCAE NCI
Contributing_Source CTRP NCI
Contributing_Source FDA NCI
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID XE0Ub SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 11/14/1998 MEDLINEPLUS
DATE_FIRST_PUBLISHED 2010-10-07 PDQ
DATE_LAST_MODIFIED 2010-10-07 PDQ
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0571-5243 CSP
DID 4003-0017 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXTERNALLY_DEFINED N LNC
FDA_Table Patient Code (Appendix B) NCI
FX D000959 MSH
FX D014655 MSH
HPO_COMMENT Hypertension is sustained elevation of resting systolic BP (140 mm Hg or higher), diastolic BP (90 mm Hg or higher), or both. HPO
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D006973 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Hypertension NDFRT
MESH_UI M0010859 NDFRT
MMR 20100625 MSH
MN C14.907.489 MSH
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/highbloodpressure.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Arabic https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Arabic MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Bosnian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Bosnian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Simplified https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Chinese - Simplified MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL French https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#French MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Hindi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Hindi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Japanese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Japanese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Khmer https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Khmer MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Korean https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Korean MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Portuguese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Portuguese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Russian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Russian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/highbloodpressure.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Tagalog https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Tagalog MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Ukrainian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Ukrainian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Vietnamese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/highbloodpressure.html#Vietnamese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NCI_THESAURUS_CODE C3117 PDQ
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Hypertension NCI
NUI N0000001616 NDFRT
OID 2.16.840.1.113883.17.3.5.45 LNC
OID 2.16.840.1.113883.17.3.5.58 LNC
ORIG_STY Disease/diagnosis PDQ
PRIMARY_PATH 10020772$10020774$10057166$10047065$Hypertension$Vascular hypertensive disorders NEC$Vascular hypertensive disorders$Vascular disorders MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10047065 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
REF orcid.org/0000-0001-5208-3432 HPO
RXAUI 3118151 RXNORM
RXAUI 3174572 RXNORM
RXAUI 3174574 RXNORM
RXCUI 1023354 RXNORM
SID HP:0004949 HPO
SID HP:0005126 HPO
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 11.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 9.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT D MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 4 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 11.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 9.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 2 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 38341003 NDFRT
SOS Excludes: Essential hypertension (401.0-401.9) ICD9CM
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS I10 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~I10 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS I10 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF AGE AT ONSET OF CLINICAL FINDING BEFORE 29.0 DAYS CHOOSE P29.2 | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447639009 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 445518008 | Age at onset of clinical finding (observable entity) | < 29.0 days SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~OTHERWISE TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~I10 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~P29.2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XE0Ub SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T020937 MSH
TERMUI T020938 MSH
TH BIOETHICS (1989) MSH
TH NLM (1963) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

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