|Terms & Properties|
Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0010380
NCI Thesaurus Code: C26735 (see NCI Thesaurus info)
Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome
NCIt Definition: Acute upper respiratory airways infection that results in the swelling of the larynx. It is usually caused by parainfluenza viruses. Signs include a characteristic barking cough and stridor.
RADLEX Definition: A condition characterized by resonant barking cough, hoarseness and persistant stridor and caused by allergy, foreign body, infection, or neoplasm. It occurs chiefly in infants and children. [MeSH]
Croup is an inflammation of the vocal cords (larynx) and windpipe (trachea). It causes difficulty breathing, a barking cough, and a hoarse voice. The cause is usually a virus, often parainfluenza virus. Other causes include allergies and reflux.
Croup often starts out like a cold. But then the vocal cords and windpipe become swollen, causing the hoarseness and the cough. There may also be a fever and high-pitched noisy sounds when breathing. The symptoms are usually worse at night, and last for about three to five days. Children between the ages of 6 months and 3 years have the highest risk of getting croup. They may also have more severe symptoms. Croup is more common in the fall and winter.
Most cases of viral croup are mild and can be treated at home. Rarely, croup can become serious and interfere with your child's breathing. If you are worried about your child's breathing, call your health care provider right away.
NICHD Definition: Swelling and narrowing of the trachea, vocal cords, and bronchi usually due to a viral infection and which typically manifests with stridor and barking cough.
MSH Definition: Inflammation involving the GLOTTIS or VOCAL CORDS and the subglottic larynx. Croup is characterized by a barking cough, HOARSENESS, and persistent inspiratory STRIDOR (a high-pitched breathing sound). It occurs chiefly in infants and children.
Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
|Acute obstructive laryngitis [croup]|
|Acute Obstructive Laryngitis|
External Source Codes:
|NCI Thesaurus Code||C26735 (see NCI Thesaurus info)|
|AQL||BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI||MSH|
|HN||91(75); was see under LARYNGITIS 1975-90||MSH|
|INCLUSION_TERM||Obstructive laryngitis NOS||ICD10|
|MESH_DEFINITION||Inflammation involving the GLOTTIS or VOCAL CORDS and the subglottic larynx. Croup is characterized by a barking cough, HOARSENESS, and persistent inspiratory STRIDOR (a high-pitched breathing sound). It occurs chiefly in infants and children.||NDFRT|
|MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL||National Institute of Child Health and Human Development http://www.nichd.nih.gov/||MEDLINEPLUS|
|OL||search LARYNGITIS 1966-74||MSH|
|PM||91; was see under LARYNGITIS 1975-90||MSH|
|SUBSET_MEMBER||447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS J05.0 | POSSIBLE REQUIREMENT FOR CAUSATIVE AGENT CODE||SNOMEDCT_US|
|SUBSET_MEMBER||6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS J05.0 | CONSIDER ADDITIONAL CODE TO IDENTIFY SPECIFIC CONDITION OR DISEASE||SNOMEDCT_US|
Additional Concept Data: (none)