|Terms & Properties|
Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0009647
NCI Thesaurus Code: C41258 (see NCI Thesaurus info)
Semantic Type: Mental Process
NCIt Definition: Generally refers to relative simple learning situations in which a stimulus initially incapable of evoking a certain response acquires the ability to do so by repeated pairing with another stimulus that does elicit the response.
NCI-GLOSS Definition: A type of learning in which repeated exposure to something may affect a person's behavior when they encounter an unrelated object, sound, or smell that occurred at the same time as the initial exposure. For example, a patient who always feels sick after receiving chemotherapy in a clinic that smells a certain way may be conditioned to feel sick when smelling the same odor in a different place.
CSP Definition: process by which an organism can be made to respond to a previously neutral (conditioned) stimulus as it would to another (unconditioned) stimulus by pairing the two sitimuli; e.g., pairing a bell with food eventually will make a dog salivate when bell is heard.
MSH Definition: A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
|Conditioning, function (observable entity)|
External Source Codes:
|NCI Thesaurus Code||C41258 (see NCI Thesaurus info)|
|AN||human & animal; DF: CONDITIONING||MSH|
|AQL||CL DE ES PH RE||MSH|
|HN||65; was CONDITIONED LEARNING 1963-64||MSH|
|PM||65; was CONDITIONED LEARNING 1963-64||MSH|
|SOS||A basic learning process in which a given stimulus comes to be associated with another stimulus or with a response. (NIDA) (scope note in first edition)||AOD|
|SOS||A form of learning (or teaching or training) in which an organism learns the association between a conditioned stimulus A and an unconditioned stimulus B (*+FK6.2 classical conditioning*) or a stimulus/response combination A and a reinforcer B (*+FK6.4 operant conditioning*). In either case, the organism learns from a contingency of two elements, that is, the occurrence of element B is contingent on the prior occurrence of element A.||AOD|
Additional Concept Data: (none)