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Chickenpox (CUI C0008049) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0008049

NCI Thesaurus Code: C97132  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: A contagious childhood disorder caused by the varicella zoster virus. It is transmitted via respiratory secretions and contact with chickenpox blister contents. It presents with a vesicular skin rash, usually associated with fever, headache, and myalgias. The pruritic fluid-filled vesicles occur 10-21 days after exposure and last for 3-4 days. An additional 3-4 days of malaise follows before the affected individual feels better. An individual is contagious 1-2 days prior to the appearance of the blisters until all blisters are crusted over. Generally, healthy individuals recover without complications.

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Most cases are in children under age 15, but older children and adults can get it. It spreads very easily from one person to another.

The classic symptom of chickenpox is an uncomfortable, itchy rash. The rash turns into fluid-filled blisters and eventually into scabs. It usually shows up on the face, chest, and back and then spreads to the rest of the body. Other symptoms include

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite

Chickenpox is usually mild and lasts 5 to 10 days. Calamine lotions and oatmeal baths can help with itching. Acetaminophen can treat the fever. Do not use aspirin for chickenpox; that combination can cause Reye syndrome.

Chickenpox can sometimes cause serious problems. Adults, babies, teenagers, pregnant women, and those with weak immune systems tend to get sicker from it. They may need to take antiviral medicines.

Once you catch chickenpox, the virus usually stays in your body. You probably will not get chickenpox again, but the virus can cause shingles in adults. A chickenpox vaccine can help prevent most cases of chickenpox, or make it less severe if you do get it.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

NICHD Definition: Varicella zoster virus that is transmitted via respiratory secretions and vesicular skin lesions; clinical manifestations are fever and pruritic, vesicular skin rash ten to twenty-one days after exposure. Clinical complications (e.g., lung, liver and CNS) can occur, especially in immunocompromised individuals.

CSP Definition: highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (Herpesvirus 3); usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed; chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults.

MSH Definition: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Chicken Pox Infection
chicken pox
Chickenpox [Disease/Finding]
Chickenpox NOS
Chickenpox
Varicella (Chickenpox)
Varicella (disorder)
Varicella [chickenpox]
Varicella infection
Varicella NOS
VARICELLA

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C97132 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN caused by a herpesvirus MSH
ANSWER_CODE 10030 LNC
ANSWER_CODE_SYSTEM NNDSS LNC
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH TM UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000020002 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID XE0R9 SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 06/07/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 3099-9437 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXTERNALLY_DEFINED N LNC
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
IPX B01 ICPC
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed) NDFRT
MESH_DUI D002644 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Chickenpox NDFRT
MESH_UI M0004041 NDFRT
MMR 19930526 MSH
MN C02.256.466.175 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MODULE_ID 731000124108 SNOMEDCT_US
MODULE_NAME US National Library of Medicine maintained module SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/chickenpox.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/chickenpox.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Farsi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/chickenpox.html#Farsi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/chickenpox.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Tagalog https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/chickenpox.html#Tagalog MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Varicella NCI
NUI N0000000749 NDFRT
ORDER_NO 00708 ICD10CM
PRIMARY_PATH 10046980$10019972$10047438$10021881$Varicella$Herpes viral infections$Viral infectious disorders$Infections and infestations MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10021881 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RXAUI 3132311 RXNORM
RXAUI 3132312 RXNORM
RXAUI 3132315 RXNORM
RXAUI 3254671 RXNORM
RXCUI 1025604 RXNORM
SNOMED_CID 38907003 NDFRT
SNOMEDID DE-32300 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS B01.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~B01.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS B01.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF CHICKENPOX WITH COMPLICATION CHOOSE B01.89 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF CONGENITAL VARICELLA INFECTION CHOOSE B01.89 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF CONGENITAL VARICELLA SYNDROME CHOOSE P35.8 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~IF PERINATAL VARICELLA CHOOSE P35.8 | MAP OF SOURCE CONCEPT IS CONTEXT DEPENDENT SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447639009 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~2 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~3 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~4 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~5 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 23737006 | Chickenpox with complication (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 240469009 | Perinatal varicella (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 277644009 | Congenital varicella syndrome (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~IFA 90433002 | Congenital varicella infection (disorder) | SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~OTHERWISE TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~B01.89 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~B01.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~P35.8 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XE0R9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~DE-32300 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T007679 MSH
TERMUI T007680 MSH
TERMUI T007681 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TH UNK (19XX) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

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