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Cerebral Palsy (CUI C0007789) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0007789

NCI Thesaurus Code: C34460  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: A group of disorders affecting the development of movement and posture, often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, and behavior. It results from damage to the fetal or infant brain.

SNOMEDCT_US Definition: A permanent disorder of the development of movement, posture and motor function, causing activity limitation, caused by non-progressive disturbances in the developing fetal or infant brain.

HPO Definition: Cerebral palsy describes a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to nonprogressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, communication, and behaviour, by epilepsy, and by secondary musculoskeletal problems. [HPO:sdoelken]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders that affect a person's ability to move and to maintain balance and posture. The disorders appear in the first few years of life. Usually they do not get worse over time. People with cerebral palsy may have difficulty walking. They may also have trouble with tasks such as writing or using scissors. Some have other medical conditions, including seizure disorders or mental impairment.

Cerebral palsy happens when the areas of the brain that control movement and posture do not develop correctly or get damaged. Early signs of cerebral palsy usually appear before 3 years of age. Babies with cerebral palsy are often slow to roll over, sit, crawl, smile, or walk. Some babies are born with cerebral palsy; others get it after they are born.

There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but treatment can improve the lives of those who have it. Treatment includes medicines, braces, and physical, occupational and speech therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

NICHD Definition: A non-progressive, neurological syndrome presenting in infancy or early childhood that is caused by brain injury or malformation and is characterized by permanent impairment of muscle coordination and various movement disorders.

CSP Definition: heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life; the four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common; the motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity in all limbs; spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms.

MSH Definition: A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Cerebral palsy (CP)
Cerebral palsy (disorder)
Cerebral Palsy [Disease/Finding]
Cerebral palsy NOS
Cerebral palsy, unspecified
CEREBRAL PALSY
Cerebral paralysis
Congenital cerebral palsy
CP (Cerebral Palsy)
CP - Cerebral palsy
CP
PALSY CEREBRAL
PALSY, CEREBRAL

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C34460 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN do not index under MUSCLE SPASTICITY unless especially discussed & then only NIM MSH
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000017005 SNOMEDCT_US
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000020002 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID XU77C SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 09/09/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DATE_CREATED 2010-05-28T11:46:16Z HPO
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0723-4729 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXCLUDES1 hereditary spastic paraplegia (G11.4) ICD10CM
HAS_GARD_PAGE true GARD
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
INCLUSION_TERM Cerebral palsy NOS ICD10
IS_RARE true GARD
IS_SPANISH false GARD
LAST_REVIEW_ACTION Modified GARD
LAST_REVIEW_DATE 2013-10-14T00:00:00 GARD
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7) NDFRT
MESH_DUI D002547 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Cerebral Palsy NDFRT
MESH_UI M0003888 NDFRT
MMR 20030725 MSH
MN C10.228.140.140.254 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/cerebralpalsy.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/cerebralpalsy.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Cerebral Palsy NCI
NUI N0000000725 NDFRT
ORDER_NO 06389 ICD10CM
ORDER_NO 06396 ICD10CM
PRIMARY_PATH 10008129$10052634$10029299$10010331$Cerebral palsy$Cerebral disorders congenital$Neurological disorders congenital$Congenital, familial and genetic disorders MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10010331 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RARE_DISEASE_URL http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/gard/10450/cerebral-palsy/resources/1 GARD
RXAUI 3127762 RXNORM
RXAUI 3131770 RXNORM
RXAUI 3131771 RXNORM
RXCUI 1023739 RXNORM
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 10.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 4 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 14.0 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 2 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 128188000 NDFRT
SNOMEDID DA-26501 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS G80.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~G80.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS G80.9 | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~G80.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XU77C SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~DA-26501 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T007419 MSH
TERMUI T367043 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TH NLM (2000) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0007789

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