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Burn injury (CUI C0006434) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0006434

NCI Thesaurus Code: C34441  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Injury or Poisoning

NCIt Definition: A traumatic injury involving interruption of tissue cohesiveness that results from exposure to caustic chemicals, extreme heat, extreme cold or excessive radiation.

SNOMEDCT_US Definition: Generic burn injury, including that due to excessive heat, as well as cauterization, friction, electricity, radiation, sunlight, and other causes

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

A burn is damage to your body's tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or radiation. Scalds from hot liquids and steam, building fires and flammable liquids and gases are the most common causes of burns. Another kind is an inhalation injury, caused by breathing smoke.

There are three types of burns:

  • First-degree burns damage only the outer layer of skin
  • Second-degree burns damage the outer layer and the layer underneath
  • Third-degree burns damage or destroy the deepest layer of skin and tissues underneath

Burns can cause swelling, blistering, scarring and, in serious cases, shock and even death. They also can lead to infections because they damage your skin's protective barrier. Treatment for burns depends on the cause of the burn, how deep it is, and how much of the body it covers. Antibiotic creams can prevent or treat infections. For more serious burns, treatment may be needed to clean the wound, replace the skin, and make sure the patient has enough fluids and nutrition.

NIH: National Institute of General Medical Sciences

FDA Definition: Injury to tissues caused by contact with dry heat, moist heat, flames, chemicals, electricity, friction or radiant and electromagnetic energy. A first degree burn is associated with redness, a second degree burn with vesication and a third degree burn with necrosis through the entire skin.

CTCAE Definition: A finding of impaired integrity to the anatomic site of an adverse thermal reaction. Burns can be caused by exposure to chemicals, direct heat, electricity, flames and radiation. The extent of damage depends on the length and intensity of exposure and time until provision of treatment.

NICHD Definition: A traumatic injury involving interruption of tissue cohesiveness that results from exposure to caustic chemicals, extreme heat, extreme cold or excessive radiation.

CSP Definition: damage inflicted on any part of an organism as the direct or indirect result of exposure to steam, chemicals, heat, flame, electricity or the like, with or without disruption of structural continuity; for burns due to overexposure to the sun use SUNBURN.

MSH Definition: Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Burn (disorder)
Burn - lesion
Burn injury (morphologic abnormality)
Burn injury
Burn NOS
Burn of unspecified site, unspecified degree
Burn(s)
Burn, unspecified site
Burns [Disease/Finding]
Burns NOS
Burns
burn

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C34441 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN GEN; "thermal injury"; EYE BURNS & SUNBURN are also available; burn shock: coord IM with SHOCK, TRAUMATIC (IM) MSH
ANSWER_CODE 2902003 LNC
ANSWER_CODE 4502003 LNC
AQL BL CF CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000020002 SNOMEDCT_US
CHARACTERISTIC_TYPE_ID 900000000000011006 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source CTCAE NCI
Contributing_Source FDA NCI
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID XaBnl SNOMEDCT_US
CTV3ID XE1ni SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 06/01/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000073002 SNOMEDCT_US
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 1582-4977 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EC chemically induced:Burns, Chemical MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXTERNALLY_DEFINED N LNC
FDA_Table Patient Code (Appendix B) NCI
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D002056 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Burns NDFRT
MESH_UI M0003064 NDFRT
MMR 20100625 MSH
MN C26.200 MSH
MODIFIER_ID 900000000000451002 SNOMEDCT_US
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/burns.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Arabic https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Arabic MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Simplified https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Chinese - Simplified MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL French https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#French MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Hindi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Hindi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Japanese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Japanese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Korean https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Korean MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Russian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Russian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/burns.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/burns.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of General Medical Sciences http://www.nih.gov/nigms/ MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Burn NCI
NUI N0000000635 NDFRT
OID 2.16.840.1.113883.17.3.5.1 LNC
OID 2.16.840.1.113883.17.3.5.74 LNC
RXAUI 3119388 RXNORM
RXAUI 3119389 RXNORM
RXCUI 1021829 RXNORM
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 10.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 10.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 2 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 125666000 NDFRT
SNOMED_CID 212129000 NDFRT
SNOMEDID DD-52000 SNOMEDCT_US
SNOMEDID M-11100 SNOMEDCT_US
SOS Excludes: burn of unspecified site but with statement of the extent of body surface involved (948.0-948.9) ICD9CM
SOS Includes: burn NOS; multiple burns NOS ICD9CM
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS T30.0 | POSSIBLE REQUIREMENT FOR AN EXTERNAL CAUSE CODE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~T30.0 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS T30.0 | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED | POSSIBLE REQUIREMENT FOR AN EXTERNAL CAUSE CODE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~T30.0 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XaBnl SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XE1ni SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~DD-52000 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000498005~MAPTARGET~M-11100 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T005831 MSH
TH BIOETHICS (1974) MSH
TH POPLINE (1978) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US
Use_For Burn, incisional NCI
Use_For Incisional burn NCI

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0006434

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