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Antibiotics (CUI C0003232) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0003232

NCI Thesaurus Code: C258  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Antibiotic

NCIt Definition: Substances naturally produced by microorganisms or their derivatives that selectively target microorganisms not humans. Antibiotics kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms by targeting components of the microbial cell absent from human cells, including bacterial cell walls, cell membrane, and 30S or 50S ribosomal subunits. These substances are used in the treatment of bacterial and other microbial infections.

HL7V3.0 Definition: 

Description:Non-person living subject used as antibiotic.

Examples:Bacteriophage, is a virus that infects bacteria.

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infections. Used properly, antibiotics can save lives. They either kill bacteria or keep them from reproducing. Your body's natural defenses can usually take it from there.

Antibiotics do not fight infections caused by viruses, such as

  • Colds
  • Flu
  • Most coughs and bronchitis
  • Sore throats, unless caused by strep

If a virus is making you sick, taking antibiotics may do more harm than good. Using antibiotics when you don't need them, or not using them properly, can add to antibiotic resistance. This happens when bacteria change and become able to resist the effects of an antibiotic.

When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. It is important to finish your medicine even if you feel better. If you stop treatment too soon, some bacteria may survive and re-infect you. Do not save antibiotics for later or use someone else's prescription.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A substance that kills microorganisms such as bacteria or mold, or stops them from growing and causing disease.

NICHD Definition: Substances that kill or inhibit the growth or other functions of microorganisms. These substances are used in the treatment of bacterial and other microbial infections, though this term is most often used to describe antibacterial agents.

MSH Definition: Substances produced by microorganisms that can inhibit or suppress the growth of other microorganisms.

CSP Definition: substances produced by microorganisms or biomimetics that can inhibit or suppress the growth of other microorganisms; frequently used without reference to the microbial origins of the original substance.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Antibiotic (product)
Antibiotic Agents
Antibiotic Drugs
Antibiotic Therapy
antibiotics
antibiotic
Antimicrobial Agent
antimicrobial

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C258 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHEBI_ID CHEBI:22582 NCI
CITE user RADLEX
Contributing_Source CTRP NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID X794g SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 12/29/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DATE_LAST_MODIFIED 08/19/2014 RADLEX
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0189-5476 CSP
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020131 SNOMEDCT_US
HL7CS active HL7V3.0
HL7ID 22159 HL7V3.0
HL7PL true HL7V3.0
LAST_CHANGES_TO_CLASS loc RADLEX
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/antibiotics.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/antibiotics.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Antibiotic NCI
RN 0 MSH
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X794g SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T000898799 MSH
TERMUI T002653 MSH
TH NLM (1963) MSH
TH NLM (2017) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0003232

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