|Terms & Properties|
Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0003232
NCI Thesaurus Code: C258 (see NCI Thesaurus info)
Semantic Type: Antibiotic
NCIt Definition: Substances naturally produced by microorganisms or their derivatives that selectively target microorganisms not humans. Antibiotics kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms by targeting components of the microbial cell absent from human cells, including bacterial cell walls, cell membrane, and 30S or 50S ribosomal subunits. These substances are used in the treatment of bacterial and other microbial infections.
Description:Non-person living subject used as antibiotic.
Examples:Bacteriophage, is a virus that infects bacteria.
Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infections. Used properly, antibiotics can save lives. They either kill bacteria or keep them from reproducing. Your body's natural defenses can usually take it from there.
Antibiotics do not fight infections caused by viruses, such as
If a virus is making you sick, taking antibiotics may do more harm than good. Using antibiotics when you don't need them, or not using them properly, can add to antibiotic resistance. This happens when bacteria change and become able to resist the effects of an antibiotic.
When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. It is important to finish your medicine even if you feel better. If you stop treatment too soon, some bacteria may survive and re-infect you. Do not save antibiotics for later or use someone else's prescription.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
NCI-GLOSS Definition: A substance that kills microorganisms such as bacteria or mold, or stops them from growing and causing disease.
NICHD Definition: Substances that kill or inhibit the growth or other functions of microorganisms. These substances are used in the treatment of bacterial and other microbial infections, though this term is most often used to describe antibacterial agents.
MSH Definition: Substances produced by microorganisms that can inhibit or suppress the growth of other microorganisms.
CSP Definition: substances produced by microorganisms or biomimetics that can inhibit or suppress the growth of other microorganisms; frequently used without reference to the microbial origins of the original substance.
Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
External Source Codes:
|NCI Thesaurus Code||C258 (see NCI Thesaurus info)|
|MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/||MEDLINEPLUS|
Additional Concept Data: (none)