skip navigation links
National Cancer Institute
Enterprise Vocabulary Services
Box
NCIm Version: 201808 (Browser Version 2.9, using LexEVS 6.5.1)
SearchBox Top
SearchBox Bottom
Anemia (CUI C0002871) Suggest changes to this concept
Add to Cart

Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0002871

NCI Thesaurus Code: C2869  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Disease or Syndrome

NCIt Definition: A reduction in the number of red blood cells, the amount of hemoglobin, and/or the volume of packed red blood cells. Clinically, anemia represents a reduction in the oxygen-transporting capacity of a designated volume of blood, resulting from an imbalance between blood loss (through hemorrhage or hemolysis) and blood production. Signs and symptoms of anemia may include pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, shortness of breath, palpitations of the heart, soft systolic murmurs, lethargy, and fatigability.

MSH Definition: A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.

HPO Definition: A reduction in erythrocytes volume or hemoglobin concentration. [HPO:probinson]

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

If you have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. The most common cause of anemia is not having enough iron. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.

Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction.

Conditions that may lead to anemia include

Anemia can make you feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable. You may be short of breath or have a headache.

Your doctor will diagnose anemia with a physical exam and blood tests. Treatment depends on the kind of anemia you have.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A condition in which the number of red blood cells is below normal.

CTCAE Definition: A disorder characterized by an reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in 100 ml of blood. Signs and symptoms of anemia may include pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, shortness of breath, palpitations of the heart, soft systolic murmurs, lethargy, and fatigability.

NICHD Definition: Abnormally low level of hemoglobin in the blood.

CSP Definition: subnormal levels or function of erythrocytes, resulting in symptoms of tissue hypoxia.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
Absolute anaemia
Absolute anemia
Anaemia NOS
Anaemia, unspecified
anaemia
Anemia (disorder)
Anemia [Disease/Finding]
Anemia NOS
Anemia, NOS
Anemia, unspecified
Anemias
anemia
Unspecified anaemia
Unspecified anemia

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C2869 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN GEN or unspecified; prefer specifics MSH
AQL BL CF CI CL CN CO DG DH DI DT EC EH EM EN EP ET GE HI IM ME MI MO NU PA PC PP PS PX RH RT SU TH UR VE VI MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
Contributing_Source CTCAE NCI
Contributing_Source CTRP NCI
Contributing_Source FDA NCI
Contributing_Source MedDRA NCI
Contributing_Source NICHD NCI
CTV3ID XM05A SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 09/02/1999 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000073002 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 0427-0313 CSP
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20050131 SNOMEDCT_US
EXTERNALLY_DEFINED N LNC
FDA_Table Patient Code (Appendix B) NCI
FX D064451 MSH
HPO_COMMENT Anemia is not a specific entity but can result from many underlying pathologic processes. The three main causes of anemia are blood loss, decreased or faulty red blood cell production, and increased destruction of red blood cells. Various classifications are in clinical use including a classification according to the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) of the erythrocytes: microcytic, macrocytic, or normocytic. Anemias can also be classified according to variations in cell size and shape, as reflected by the red-cell distribution width (RDW). Additionally, anemias can be classified into those of inadequate production and hemolytic anemias. HPO
IAN DEFAULT ICD10
ICE Anemia: {NOS; essential; normocytic, not due to blood loss; profound; progressive; secondary}; Oligocythemia ICD9CM
MDA 19990101 MSH
MESH_DEFINITION A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN. NDFRT
MESH_DUI D000740 NDFRT
MESH_NAME Anemia NDFRT
MESH_UI M0001119 NDFRT
MMR 20130708 MSH
MN C15.378.071 MSH
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/anemia.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Arabic https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Arabic MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Bosnian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Bosnian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Simplified https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Chinese - Simplified MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL French https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#French MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Hindi https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Hindi MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Japanese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Japanese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Korean https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Korean MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Russian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Russian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/anemia.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Ukrainian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/anemia.html#Ukrainian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_PRIMARY_INSTITUTE_URL National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ MEDLINEPLUS
NCI_THESAURUS_CODE C2869 PDQ
NDFRT_KIND DISEASE_KIND NDFRT
NICHD_Hierarchy_Term Anemia NCI
NUI N0000000384 NDFRT
ORDER_NO 03447 ICD10CM
ORIG_STY Secondary related condition PDQ
PID 4453 PDQ
PRIMARY_PATH 10002034$10002067$10002086$10005329$Anaemia$Anaemias NEC$Anaemias nonhaemolytic and marrow depression$Blood and lymphatic system disorders MDR
PRIMARY_SOC 10005329 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 10.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 11.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 12.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 13.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 14.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 15.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 16.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 17.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 18.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 19.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 20.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 8.1 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.0 MDR
PT_IN_VERSION 9.1 MDR
RXAUI 3108925 RXNORM
RXAUI 3108927 RXNORM
RXCUI 1024481 RXNORM
SID HP:0001926 HPO
SID HP:0003136 HPO
SID HP:0005509 HPO
SMQ_TERM_ADDVERSION 8.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_CAT A MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 4 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LEVEL 5 MDR
SMQ_TERM_LMVERSION 8.1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_SCOPE 1 MDR
SMQ_TERM_STATUS A MDR
SMQ_TERM_WEIGHT 0 MDR
SNOMED_CID 267531008 NDFRT
SNOMED_CID 271737000 NDFRT
SOS Excludes: anemia (due to): {blood loss: {acute (285.1); chronic or unspecified (280.0)}; iron deficiency (280.0-280.9)} ICD9CM
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS D64.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 447562003~MAPTARGET~D64.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~CORRELATIONID~447561005 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPADVICE~ALWAYS D64.9 | DESCENDANTS NOT EXHAUSTIVELY MAPPED SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPCATEGORYID~447637006 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPGROUP~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPPRIORITY~1 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPRULE~TRUE SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 6011000124106~MAPTARGET~D64.9 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XM05A SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000549004 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T002209 MSH
TH NLM (1994) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

URL to Bookmark: https://ncim-stage.nci.nih.gov/ncimbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI Metathesaurus&code=C0002871

Mainbox Bottom