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Analgesics (CUI C0002771) Suggest changes to this concept
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Terms & Properties

Concept Unique Identifier (CUI): C0002771

NCI Thesaurus Code: C241  (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Semantic Type: Biologically Active Substance

Semantic Type: Pharmacologic Substance

NCIt Definition: Compounds that alleviate pain without loss of consciousness. Analgesics act by various mechanisms including binding with opioid receptors and decreasing inflammation. Choice of analgesic may be determined by the type of pain. These compounds include opioid, non-opioid and adjuvant analgesic agents.

MEDLINEPLUS Definition: 

Pain relievers are medicines that reduce or relieve headaches, sore muscles, arthritis, or other aches and pains. There are many different pain medicines, and each one has advantages and risks. Some types of pain respond better to certain medicines than others. Each person may also have a slightly different response to a pain reliever.

Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are good for many types of pain. There are two main types of OTC pain medicines: acetaminophen (Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Aspirin, naproxen (Aleve), and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) are examples of OTC NSAIDs.

If OTC medicines don't relieve your pain, your doctor may prescribe something stronger. Many NSAIDs are also available at higher prescription doses. The most powerful pain relievers are narcotics. They are very effective, but they can sometimes have serious side effects. Because of the risks, you must use them only under a doctor's supervision.

There are many things you can do to help ease pain. Pain relievers are just one part of a pain treatment plan.

NCI-GLOSS Definition: Drugs that reduce pain. These drugs include aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen.

CSP Definition: compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of consciousness or without producing anesthesia.

MSH Definition: Compounds that show activity in animal models of human PAIN such as tail flick and hot plate assays.

MSH Definition: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
[CN100] ANALGESICS
Agents, Analgesic
Analgesic (product)
Analgesic (substance)
Analgesic Agents
Analgesic Agent
Analgesic Drugs
analgesics
analgesic
Anodynes
Antinociceptive Agents
Drugs, Analgesic
Pain killers
Pain medicines
Pain Relievers
Pain-relief Medication
Painkillers

External Source Codes: 
NCI Thesaurus Code C241 (see NCI Thesaurus info)

Other Properties: Property Definitions
Name Value Source
ACTIVE 1 SNOMEDCT_US
AN general or unspecified; prefer specific groups MSH
AQL AD AE AN BL CF CH CL CS CT EC HI IM IP ME PD PK PO RE SD ST TO TU UR MSH
CASE_SIGNIFICANCE_ID 900000000000448009 SNOMEDCT_US
CHEBI_ID CHEBI:35480 NCI
CTV3ID X794c SNOMEDCT_US
CTV3ID XUWFf SNOMEDCT_US
DATE_CREATED 01/19/2005 MEDLINEPLUS
DC 1 MSH
DEFINITION_STATUS_ID 900000000000074008 SNOMEDCT_US
DID 2059-0020 CSP
DRUG_CLASS_TYPE 1 VANDF
DX 19660101 MSH
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20020731 SNOMEDCT_US
EFFECTIVE_TIME 20060731 SNOMEDCT_US
FX D000777 MSH
FX D010146 MSH
HN 78; ANALGESICS AND ANTIPYRETICS was heading 1963-77 MSH
LEVEL USP Category USPMG
LEVEL VA Class NDFRT
MDA 19990101 MSH
MMR 20140625 MSH
MN D27.505.696.663.850.014 MSH
MN D27.505.954.427.040 MSH
MP_HEALTH_TOPIC_URL https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/painrelievers.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Chinese - Traditional https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/painrelievers.html#Chinese - Traditional MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL French https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/painrelievers.html#French MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Japanese https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/painrelievers.html#Japanese MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Korean https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/painrelievers.html#Korean MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Russian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/painrelievers.html#Russian MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Somali https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/painrelievers.html#Somali MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Spanish https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/painrelievers.html MEDLINEPLUS
MP_OTHER_LANGUAGE_URL Ukrainian https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/painrelievers.html#Ukrainian MEDLINEPLUS
NDFRT_KIND DRUG_KIND NDFRT
NUI N0000029133 NDFRT
OL use ANALGESICS to search ANALGESICS AND ANTIPYRETICS 1966-77 MSH
PARENT_CLASS 69 VANDF
PM 78; ANALGESICS AND ANTIPYRETICS was heading 1963-77 MSH
RN 0 MSH
RXAUI 2626743 RXNORM
RXAUI 3101309 RXNORM
RXAUI 3257562 RXNORM
RXCUI 760 RXNORM
SOS A major classification of drugs that produce relief from, or diminish sensitivity to, pain (analgesia) without loss of consciousness; sometimes also called anodynes. Analgesics may be divided into three basic categories: (1) the opiate narcotics, for example, opium, codeine, morphine, meperidine hydrochloride, hydromorphone hydrochloride, heroin, and methadone hydrochloride; (2) nonnarcotic prescription drugs; (3) nonnarcotic, non-prescription, mild analgesics, for example, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) and acetaminophen. In contemporary Western culture, the analgesics have been the major source for drug addiction and there has been a continuing, as yet unsuccessful, effort to produce a "nonaddictive analgesic". AOD
SOS Substances that reduce pain and that may or may not have other psychoactive properties. See *+ZQ opioids*. Drugs that relieve pain without blocking the conduction of nerve impulses or markedly altering the function of the sensory apparatus. The narcotic analgesics act on the central nervous system, produce dependence, and alter the patient's perception; they are primarily used for severe pain. The nonnarcotic analgesics act at the site of pain, do not produce dependence, and do not alter the patient's perception; they are used for mild to moderate pain. AOD
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~X794c SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000497000~MAPTARGET~XUWFf SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000508004~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
SUBSET_MEMBER 900000000000509007~ACCEPTABILITYID~900000000000548007 SNOMEDCT_US
TERMUI T002117 MSH
TERMUI T002118 MSH
TERMUI T002119 MSH
TERMUI T002120 MSH
TERMUI T002121 MSH
TH NLM (1966) MSH
TH NLM (1996) MSH
TH UNK (19XX) MSH
TYPE_ID 900000000000003001 SNOMEDCT_US
TYPE_ID 900000000000013009 SNOMEDCT_US
VAC CN100 NDFRT
VAC CN100 VANDF
VANDF_RECORD 50.605^70^Active/Master NDFRT
VUID 4021580 NDFRT

Additional Concept Data:  (none)

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